Los muchos caminos hacia la transparencia

Una tipología de temas y variedades en la literatura sobre transparencia


  • Roberto Cruz Romero



Palabras clave:

transparencia, rendición de cuentas, administración pública, gobernanza, revisión sistemática


Este artículo explora una muestra de la literatura sobre transparencia en el periodo 1984-2020 a través de una revisión sistemática. La muestra consta de 242 trabajos (artículos, libros y capítulos de libros) recogidos de diferentes bases de datos académicas. Para clasificar y construir una tipología de temas, se emplea un modelo probabilístico de temas, Asignación Latente de Dirichlet (ALD), un enfoque de aprendizaje automático no supervisado. Este enfoque se complementa con las variedades de transparencia y tiene por objeto responder a tres preguntas de investigación: a) ¿Qué enfoques analíticos se identifican en la bibliografía? b) ¿Cómo se conceptualiza la transparencia a través de dichos enfoques? Y, c) ¿dónde se ha situado el enfoque de la transparencia en relación con una distinción acontecimiento-proceso? Los hallazgos muestran enfoques metodológicos y temáticas desiguales. Estas conclusiones y el novedoso enfoque utilizado plantean retos y oportunidades para futuras investigaciones sobre transparencia.


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